What Causes Hearing Loss In Children?

Hearing loss present at birth is called congenital. It can be caused by:

  • illness or infection the mother had during pregnancy
  • medicines taken by the mother during pregnancy
  • associated with other medical problems (syndromes)
  • physical abnormality of any part of the ear
  • hereditary factors

Hearing loss which develops later is called acquired. It can be caused by:

  • difficulty during the birth
  • jaundice
  • meningitis, scarlet fever, mumps or other illnesses associated with high fever
  • neurodegenerative disorders
  • medications which are toxic to the inner ear
  • head injury or trauma to the ear
  • repeated or constant ear infections